The Punjabi language is the Indian Aryan language, which is believed to have originated with the Sauraseni Apabhramsa. But both its phonology and the Rupa Vidhan have the influence of early Prakrit languages, especially Pali and Adi-Arya languages). Thus the Punjabi language presents a continuous language classical history of the cultural and philological underpinnings of ancient Punjab.
- The Punjabi language is spoken in India and Pakistan. It is the ‘mother tongue’ of about two and a half million citizens in India. It is also used as a medium language in schools, colleges, and universities in the Indian state of Punjab.
- The most prominent feature of modern Punjabi is its three types of vowel system, which has high, medium, and low vowels. From phonetics, they can be described as high-fluctuations, mid-fluctuations, and very low-outline modalities, which are experienced on two continuous letters.
- The second greatest feature is a large number of words in it, especially the names of ancient places and the nouns and adjectives originating from them, and the vowel (the sound pronounced from the top of the tongue folded to the palate). Most of such words are found in Western Pura-Aryan civilizations.
- The oldest compositions in Punjabi are of the Nath Yogi period. Which dates from the ninth to fourteenth centuries, when Punjab was the main center of social, religious movements. In terms of texture, the language of these compositions is near Sauraseni Apabhramsa, although the colloquial language and the lingua franca have a profound influence on vocabulary and rhythm.
- Sufi saints led the most important linguistic and cultural movement between the 11th and 14th centuries. He was like a yogi in emphasizing the existential ideology against mainstream orthodoxy. Was a yogi in classical Brahminism and Sufi in orthodox Islam. The change in language was more widespread. Yogis were employed only within the Indian religious tradition, so their language continued to be enriched by unfriendly form and constitution. Sufis had to start everything in a new way, aside from the spiritual tones of Persian vocabulary, Sufis established their linguistic teachings at the most popular folk level. In many ways, he was the first poet of the Punjabi language, who continued in the Yogi tradition of literature and entered every dimension of the mental, spiritual, and social life of Punjab.
- Guru Nanak (1469–1539) is the father of Punjabi language, literature, and culture. In each region, he transformed old, verbiage structures into metaphorical psyche images. He explained the linguistic text step by step in exemplary metaphors. On the strength of the colloquial Punjabi language, Guru Nanak composed a highly cultured spiritual sermon of Indian culture.
- Language: From the classical point of view, the Punjab language has moved away from religious teachings in the secular and aesthetic way of life. Many social and religious political movements were influenced by the 20th century Punjab, in which fragmentation was caused by the historical development process. The Punjabi language, literature, and culture were the heritage of all Punjabis till now.
- As a result of these movements overlaid with a traditional religious tone, Muslims adopted Urdu, Hindi among Hindus, and Sikhs in Punjabi, though this had little impact on the dialect, the written, standard language wordplay has been influenced by the specific Sikh culture.