Amritsar is one of the famous Sikh religious places and is one of the holy cities of India. Amritsar, famous for the Golden Temple, is a popular tourist destination in India, attracting millions of native and foreign tourists every year. The city was founded in the 16th century by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ramdas Ji, and there is a sacred pond named after Amrit Sarovar.
In 1601, Shri Guru Arjun Dev Ji, the successor of Shri Guru Ramdas Ji, developed Amritsar. Being an important centre of religious faith, about one lakh tourists come here every day from different parts of the world. Everyone knows about the Golden Temple in Amritsar, but there are some other special Gurudwaras in Amritsar, where a large number of devotees approach with reverence.
1. Gurudwara Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed: Located outside Chatiwind Gate, this Gurudwara commemorates Baba Deep Singh Ji, who fought valiantly to uphold Sikh pride in 1757. It was built as a memorial by Sardar Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and later transformed into a magnificent Gurudwara by Akali Phula Singh in the 19th century.
2. Gurudwara Shree Pipli Sahib Ji: Situated 1.5 km east of the main railway station, this Gurudwara is named after a large peepal tree. It is associated with the memory of three prominent Sikh Gurus: Guru Ramdas Ji, Guru Arjun Dev Ji, and Guru Hargobind Ji. It is especially revered during the Basant Panchami festival.
3. Gurdwara Mata Kaulan Sahib Ji: Located on the southern bank of the Gurdwara Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), this Gurudwara is dedicated to Mata Kaulan, the daughter of a Kazi from Pakistan. It is situated near the sacred pond called Mata Kaulan Kaulsar Sarovar and is highly respected among Sikh devotees.
4. Gurudwara Baba Atal Sahib Ji: Positioned south of the Golden Temple, this Gurudwara commemorates the young life of Baba Atal Rai, the son of Guru Hargobind. It features a nine-storey octagonal tower, reaching a height of 40 meters, making it the tallest building in Amritsar. The Guru Granth Sahib is placed under the Ashtabhuja Pillar in this Gurudwara.
5. Gurudwara Shree Tarn Taran Sahib Ji: Located in the Tarn Taran district, approximately 22 km from the Golden Temple, this Gurudwara was constructed by Guru Arjun Dev Ji, the fifth Sikh Guru. It boasts a large lake and exquisite architectural design, with a goldsmith-made upper part, a lotus-shaped dome, and marble interiors.
6. Gurudwara Saragarhi Sahib Ji: Situated near the Golden Temple in Saffron Bagh, this small Gurudwara was built by the British government in 1902 to honour Sikh soldiers who died in the Anglo-Afghan War. The names of the 21 martyred soldiers are engraved on a marble stone within the Gurudwara. Each year on September 12, a religious gathering is held here to commemorate them.
These Gurudwaras add to the spiritual and historical significance of Amritsar, making it a destination of reverence and cultural importance for Sikhs and visitors from around the world.